Low back pain can happen for many different reasons. The structures which generally cause pain in the lower back are joints, nerves, discs, and muscles and ligaments. Some are more severe than others. The lower back is made up of 5 lumbar vertebral bodies, 2 pelvic bones and the sacrum (which has the coccyx attached to it).
The majority of lower back complaints occur due to repetitive flexion, or in other words bending forward form the hips. The lower back is at its weakest when in a flexed position as the joints are opened, the ligaments and muscles are over stretched and the front part of the disc is under pressure. In this position any one of the above named structures can be injured.
Signs and Symptoms
Lower back complaints can cause:
Sharp stabbing pain in the back
Sciatic pain/ Leg pain
Nerve pain (Pain that begins form the lower back and runs down the leg in a specific pattern)
Dull aches in the one area
Pain when sitting
Tingling, Pins and Needles or Numbness into the lower back and legs
Stiffness in motion
How does Chiropractic care and Physiotherapy help?
Chiropractic care is an effective form of treatment used in alleviating signs and symptoms experiences in the lower back, whether you feel the dull achy sensation on the lower back that can be caused from arthritic complaints or if it is the sharp pain experienced with sciatica.
Physiotherapy uses some soft tissue techniques and rehabilitation (exercises to strengthen the weakened musculature) in order to return the normal function of the back, hips and lumbar spine. Electrotherapy may be used by the practitioners in the Bradley Clinic if the problem is too acute for the patient to have manual treatment performed on them.